Anthropological Understanding of COVID-19: Introduction
COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) is a global pandemic that has already resulted in hundreds of thousands of infections and thousands of deaths, with many more anticipated Discovered in 2019, is responsible for a global pandemic. COVID-19 is caused by a virus called SARS CoV-2, or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, because it’s genetically similar to the SARS coronavirus which was responsible for the SARS outbreak in 2002. Now, coronaviruses that circulate among humans are typically benign, and they cause about a quarter of all common cold illnesses.
In COVID-19 what happened is that there was a coronaviruses initially circulating among bats, which are a natural animal reservoir, that seems to have mutated and ultimately started causing disease in humans. The outbreak began in China, but has since spread around the world. As of April 1st 2020, or roughly 4 months into the outbreak, there have been over 903,826 confirmed cases and 45,335 deaths, resulting in a fatality rate of appro. 5%. However, current studies suggest that the actual fatality rate is likely to be lower, around 0.7%. The reason for this is that there are a lot of undiagnosed COVID 19 cases which makes the actual number of cases go up. Many of these are asymptomatic carriers; this can be as high as 25% of the cases .
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